Nine U.S. universities and the U.S. Agency for International Development (USAID) are helping to establish one of India`s first institutes of technology. As part of the Kanpur Indo-American Program [PDF], U.S. faculty members are developing more than a decade of academic programs and research labs at the new university. The partnership is one of many examples of cooperation between the two countries in the field of higher education. The economic sanctions imposed by the United States in response to India`s nuclear tests in May 1998 appeared to be seriously damaging Todo-Us relations, at least initially. President Bill Clinton imposed heavy sanctions under the Proliferation of U.S. Sanctions Act of 1994 against Indian institutions active in the nuclear industry and opposition to loans from international financial institutions for non-humanitarian aid projects in India.
The United States encouraged India to immediately and unconditionally sign the Comprehensive Nuclear-Test-Ban Treaty (TBT). The United States has also called for restraint in the testing and deployment of missiles and nuclear missiles by India and Pakistan. The non-proliferation dialogue launched following the 1998 nuclear tests has filled many of the gaps between countries. India refused the American Council not to recognize China`s communist conquest, but it supported the United States by supporting the 1950 United Nations resolution condemning North Korea`s aggression during the Korean War. India tried to mediate to end this war and served as a channel for diplomatic embassies between the US and China. Although no Indian troops participated in the war, India sent a medical corps of 346 army doctors to assist the UN.  Meanwhile, crop failures forced India to seek U.S. aid for its food security, granted from 1950 on.  During the first twelve years of India`s independence (1947-59), the United States provided $1,700,000,000 in aid; including $931,000,000 in food.
The Soviet Union provided about half as much in monetary terms, but it provided much larger benefits in kind in the form of infrastructure aid, subsidized loans, technical transfer of knowledge, economic planning and skills in the steelworks, mechanical engineering, hydropower and other heavy industries sectors. including nuclear energy and space research.  In 1961, the United States pledged $1,000,000,000 in development loans, in addition to $1,300,000,000 in free food.  India has carried out reforms at the United Nations and the World Trade Organization with mixed results. India`s bid for a permanent seat on the UN Security Council is currently supported by several countries, including Russia, Britain, France, Germany, Japan, Brazil, African Union countries, the United States (but not China). In 2005, the United States signed a nuclear cooperation agreement with India, although the latter is not included in the Non-Proliferation Treaty. The United States accepted that India`s strong nuclear balance made it an exception and convinced other members of the Nuclear Suppliers Group to sign similar agreements with India. . . .